Dr. Elena Stephan

Stephan Elena
Reception hours: 


Elena Stephan received her Ph.D. in social psychology from Tel-Aviv University, Israel in 2006. She then joined the School of Psychology, University of Southampton, England, as a post-doctoral research fellow. Since 2011, Elena is a Lecturer at the Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University.



Stephan, E., Shidlovski, D. & Heller, D. (2016). Distant Determination and Near Determinism: The Role of Temporal Distance in Prospective Attributions to Will. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2016.06.006

Stephan, E., Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Cheung, W.Y., Routledge, C., & Arndt, J. (2015) Nostalgia-Evoked Inspiration: Mediating Mechanisms and Motivational Implications. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

Stephan, E. Sedikides, C. & Heller, D., Shidlovski, D. (2015). My Fair Future Self: The Role of Temporal Distance and Self-enhancement in Prediction. Social Cognition, 33 (2), 149-168.

Stephan, E., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Zhou, X., He, W., Routledge, C, Cheung, W., & Vingerhoets, A.(2014). The Mnemonic Mover: Nostalgia Regulates Avoidance and Approach Motivation. Emotion, 14(3), 545-561.

Cross-cultural project:

Hepper, E. G., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Ritchie, T., Yung, Y.-F., Hansen, N., Abakoumkin, G., Arikan, G., Cisek, S., Demassosso, B. D., Gebauer, J., Gerber, J. P., Gonzales, R., Kusumi, T., Misra, G., Rusu, M., Ryan, O., Stephan, E., Vingerhoets, A., & Zhou, X. (2014). Pancultural nostalgia: Prototypical conceptions across cultures. Emotion, 14(4), 733-747.

Stephan, E., Sedikides, C., & Wildschut, T. (2012) Mental travel into the past: differentiating recollections of nostalgic, ordinary, and positive events. [in special issue: Mental time travel: social psychological perspectives on a fundamental human capacity] European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, (3), 290-298.

Heller, D., Stephan, E., Kifer, Y., & Sedikides., C. (2011). What Will I Be? The Role of Temporal Perspective in Predictions of Affect, Traits, and Self-Narratives. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47 (3), 610 - 615.

Stephan, E., Liberman, N., & Trope, Y. (2011). The Effects of Time Perspective and Level of Construal on Social Distance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47 (2), 397-402.

Stephan, E., Liberman, N., Trope, Y. (2010). Politeness and Psychological Distance: A Construal Level Perspective. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98 (2), 268-280.

Liberman, N., Trope, Y., & Stephan, E. (2007). Psychological Distance. In E. T. Higgins and A. Kruglanski (Eds.) Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (Vol. 2). New York: Guilford Press.

Kluger A. N., Stephan, E., Ganzach Y., & Hershkovitz , M. (2004). The Effect of Regulatory Focus on the Shape of Probability-Weighting Function: Evidence from a Cross- Modality Matching Method. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 95, 20-39.





Number Name Year Hours
6091201 Social Psychology (MA)


Wednesday 12-14
6049501 Psychological Distance Aspects in Interpersonal Relations (BA) 2011-17 Wednesday 10-12
6075701 Social Cognition: Understanding the Self and Others (MA, PhD) 2011-12  
6091301 Advanced Research in Social Psychology (MA) 2011-17 Tuesday 14-16
6057801 Social Cognition and Interpersonal Processes (BA) 2013-14 Thursday 8-10
6092101 Social  & Organizational Psychology seminar (MA) 2011-17 Tuesday 16-17
6097801 Language, Cognition and Iterpersonal Communication (MA, PhD) 2012-14 Wednesday 14-16
6020901 Introduction to Social Psychology (BA) 2011-13  


Social cognition and motivation: I examine the effects of psychological distance (temporal distance, spatial distance, social distance, and hypotheticality) on representations of the self,other people and objects, addressing predictions, evaluations and decisions individuals make. My central research themes include:

  • 1. Cognitive, motivational and emotion consequences (and their interrelations) of psychological perspective on the Self. For example, I study the effects of temporal distance on predictions about future Self; coping with psychological threat; mental representation of emotionally distinct autobiographical recollections (nostalgia research).
  • 2. Psychological distance aspects in interpersonal relationships. I study the effects of using naitive versus second language on perception and task performance; resolving ambiguity in meaning. I am also interested in examining distance-related aspects in close relationships.


2013-2016: Israel Science Foundation

The Role of Psychological Distance in Coping with Self-Threat